Chase home lending mortgage trust 2019 atr1


chase home lending mortgage trust 2019 atr1

who had failed to negotiate a loan of. |5000 dollars with the president of the iinstitution. The Fourth-street.National. Bank is one of the ricEest. Finance Dealer Value Lease Ab,'Teement (Contract C471-2019) between the Shawnee Expenses of the 2019 General Fund and uavel, lodging. Mortgage Finance Corpora N/A Chase Home Lending Mortgage Trust 2019-ATR1 Residential Mortgage Loan N/A New Residential Mortgage Loan Trust 2018-4.

Thematic video

Better Mortgage Review: Refinanced Home for $450 / $2500 AMEX credit! (Experience and Thoughts)

Chase home lending mortgage trust 2019 atr1 -

ment men, but they cannot supplant where they obtain a large return with out working for it, rather than in the soil.Ir home-grown food matters, then the profits gained from agriculture should be in relation to the profits gained elsewhere.\u201d The success of the British farmer\u2019s labor during the war, in the Duke\u2019s opinion, is due very largely to the loyal support of women workers.\u201cThe women land workers have toiled splendidly,\u201d he said.\u201cThey have filled the gaps on the farms, and considering them.We are not, and shall never be, an agrarian people.Our women are not fitted to toil on the land in the same way as the French, Italian and Swiss women are.\u201cIt would be futile to suggest that the time will ever come when British farmers can hope to supply the entire needs of our population.At the best, they can only hope to augment the supply in such a way that our dependence on other countries is many times less than was the case in pre- when threshing yielded 16 bushels of first-class saleable seed which he sold at over $20 per bushel, he afterwards found that it was the best paying crop grown on his farm, because he had already stored away a good crop of hay from the same field.This experience could and should be repeated on thousands of farms where clover seed is not now grown and where the farmer is taking a risk of introducing noxious weeds every time he buys clover seed.In order to get best results in seed production, the first crop, for hay, must be cut early.This gives the second crop, from which the seed is secured, an opportunity to start early and to blossom and ripen the seed before the killing frosts of autumn.It is well to cut or pull noxious weeds in the second crop of clover in order that the seed may be clean.Clean seed is better to sow on the home farm and will command a higher price when put upon the market.\u2014F.C.N.EFFECT OF GOOD ROADS ON PULLING POWER OF HORSES Owing to shortage of feed, horses in Great Britain are on rations.The following paragraphs from the \u201cAgricultural Gazette\u201d give the amount of grain allowed: In consequence of the continued shortage in the supplies of oats, maize and other cereals, the Food Controller has issued the Horses\u2019 (Rationing) Order, 1918, which specifies the rations of cereals allowed for all descriptions.Horse owners are urged to take every opportunity of obtaining and using substitutes for cereal foodstuffs for the feeding of their horses.Horses in possession of the Army Council, all those which are used exclusively for agricultural purposes, and stallions used exclusively for stud purposes, are excluded from the operation of the Order.Horses solely or mainly used for (rade or business purposes are rationed according to the breed and amount of work which they do.The maximum quantity of cereal foodstuffs which may be fed on anyj one day is prescribed in the sched-i ules in terms of oats, but maize,, beans, peas, or bran, may be used in place of oats, quantities being equivalent to 10 lbs.of oats: 7(4 lbs.maize, 9 lbs.beans, 9 lbs.peas, 12 lbs.dried brewers\u2019 grains, 13 lbs.brar.No other cereal foodstuffs mayi be used.The maximum daily rations fon horses not used for trade or business purposes are, brood mares 7 lbs.,, weaned foals 6 lbs., yearlings from January 1 to May 31, and from September 1 to December 81, 6 lbs., and from June 1 to August 81, 8 lbs.Race-horses registered with the Controller of horse transport for the purpose of the limited racing scheme, 13 lbs.per day.Carriage horses, hunters, hacks, char-a-banc horses, Polo ponies, all horses let out on hire for these pur-'poses, horses used in entertainments, and also those which are mainly used for any purpose other than business are not allowed any cereal foodstuffs, a.riT\t»\t.\t.11 ^L'^rfrrrrt A very interesting experiment has recently been concluded in California to determine just how much a horse pulls when he draws a ton.A good draught team was used for this purpose.The horses weighed 1,-600 lbs.each.They were hitched to an ordinary farm wagon and pulled a load of 6,000 pounds over different kinds of roads.The wagon was a standard farm wagon with steel axles of equal length, wheels 38 and 46 inches in diameter, and four-inch tires.On a concrete road, unsurfaced, in excellent condition, the total pull on the load was 83 pounds, or 27.0 lbs.per ton.On a concrete road With 3-8 inch total pull was 147.0 pounds or 49.3 pounds per ton.On the ordinary macadam road in excellent condition, the total pull waa 193 pounds or 64.8 pounds per ton.For a gravelled road, compact, and in good condition, the total pull waa 225 pounds or 75 pounds per ton.An earth road, firm, with 1)4 inches of fine, loose dust, the total pull was 276 pounds or 92 pounds per ton.An earth road, with mud 4 to 0 inches deep, but soil firm underneath, the total pull was 654 pounds, or 21.$ pounds per ton.On gravelled road, before the gravel had been compacted, but when it was in ordinary loose condition after it had been placed upon the road, the total pull was 789 pounds, or 263 pounds per ton.The above shows very well what that they have hitherto had no exper- war days.\u201d surface of asphaltic oil and screenings, road in excellent condition, the great advantages good road» have.i 7000 SHERBROOKE DAILY RECORD, FRIDAY, JUNE 14, 1918.HIS MAJESTY\u2019S MONDAY and TUESDAY^ JUNE 17th - 16th The Gigantic Realistic Naval-Military Sensation Exacly as now being presented in London and New York, with the Rousing Cruiser scene, showing the British gunners sinking the enemy U-Boat\u2014Saving our Transports and the lives of Canadian and American Troops.Seats on sale Friday at 10 o\u2019clock.Prices:\u201425c., 50c., 75c.and $1.00.NOTE:\u2014To be fair and just to our patrons, we will not take telephone orders on Friday morning.Telephone orders filled with pleasure Friday afternoon and up to 8 o\u2019clock on nights of Show.FiSI Friday and Saturday\u2014The most costly e°wned actress of the screen.Edna Goodrich in \"A Daughter of Maryland,\" a beautiful romance of the Southland, lavishly produced in five p&rts.To To, the Hippodrome Clown in 'Tare.Please,\" a Comedy Special in two parts.Eddie Polo and Vivian Reed in \"The Bull's Eye,\" two sensational parts.(Note\u2014Last episode next week.) Sunday\u2014Special for one day.Louise Lovely in 'The Girl Who Wouldn't Quit.\" Monday and Tuesday\u2014Tom Mix in \"Western Blood.\u201d Coming\u2014'The Boy Scouts to the Rescue.\u201d a Patriotic Serial in five chapters only.Coming\u2014\u201cTha Eagle's Eye.\u201d the greatest Serial of modem times.HIS MAJESTY'S TODAY At 2.30\u20147.3®\u20145,10 o'clock.The always popular Charles Ray \u2014IN\u2014 \u2018His Own Home Tow n\u2019 A beautiful picture of rural life, portrayed by au artist that \"know* how.\u201d OFFICIAL BRITISH WAR BULLETIN.Çbarhe fhaplin A *****s use -he rain on Wednesday was verv ¦ \u2014\u2014 ¦ \u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014.\u2014.-.tv.- in priority of other demands.Safeguard Jute Supply.Regarding jute, the Committee re-commends that advantage be taken of India\u2019s monopoly in the production of jute, to safeguard for Great ^er\tfhe supplies of this fibre and advises the imposition of an export duty (£5 per ton, has been suggested by experts) on shipments of jute from India to all destinations with a total rebate duty >n favor of the British Empire, a total of graduated rebates in favor of its Allies, and graduated rebates in favor of such neutral countries as may offer reciprocal concessions.The Textile Industry Regarding the textile industry, the : S?ïe Slïf79f\u2019St \u201cTi ton industry of Great Britain inde- 1 Z y, .\t, .\u2019.h70\u2019 and the total pendent of foreign sources of supply nunLber o{ gratuities was 3,013, ac-as regards dyestuffs, knitting need- : con:lln£ to the figures made public les and other \u201cpivotal articles.\u201d With ;13,y the Board of Pension Commis-reference to the ^ export of textile j sioners.As an evidence of the great, machinery, the Committee says the : growth in the work of the Board it system of priority certificates should ; is stated that when the Board of Pen- XCTv,TU'd f°r^a SuffK'ie?t P?r.i0l! «ion Commissioners took over the after the war with a view to giving k™,.!, e-,,, *u n \u2022\t1 A, preference for the re-equipment norip T+k T Pens/0J3,s and Clalms only of British, textile factories, but Boaid tB®y had a stafl of 23 com-also of \u201cthose of our despoiled Al- Pared w™1 the present organization lies.\u201d\tj of nearly six hundred persons.As regards imports of manufac-\t- tures the Textile Company suggests that a special tariff regime be ap- i plied to imports from Germany and : Austria-Hungary for such period as 1 may be determined by considerations of national policy.The Committee also recommends, with regard to other countries, that a distinction be made between the Allies and neutrals in favor of the Allies.Thus, as regards silk goods, for instance, a tariff is Montreal, June 14.Wholesale prices only.Eggs, strictly new laid, per doze»! 42c.; No.1, 40c.; No.2, 38c.; select ed, new laid, 45c.Butter, finest creamery, per lb, prints, 46c.; block, 45c.Oleomargarine, per lb., 32e.U 34c.Cheese, per lb., large, 23c.j twins 24c.; Stiltons, 25c.Lard, in tubs, per lb., 32c.Honey\u2014White clover, 20 lb.to 6( lb.tins, 20c.; comb, 22c.Beans, per bushel\u2014Japanese whitl $8.25 to $9.00.Potatoes\u201480 lb.bags, car loarted I MRS.N.W.STANTON, STAN-BRIDGE EAST.STANBRIDGE EAST, June 14.\u2014 (Special)\u2014On Wednesday, Jun ;\t5, occurred the death of Mrs.Polly Stanton, widow of the late N.W.Stanton.She had reached the age of 80 years, and was well known and highly respected by all.She was the daughter of the late John Chandler, being born upon the farm which she owned at the time of her death.1 ne funeral service on Friday was held at the house, conducted by Rev.R.Atkinson, and interment was in St.James\u2019 Cemetery.She leaves to mourn ir loss a daughter, Mrs.C.H.Hib- MRS.JOHN FLYNN, BROMPTON.VILE.BROMPTONVILLE, June 14.\u2014 (Special)\u2014Mrs.John Flynn passed away yesterday afternoon after s somewhat protracted illness, at the residence of her son-in-law, Mr.J.?, Mullins.She was 65 years of age.Sh« leaves five brothers and one sister, Messrs.F.W.Tobin, M.P., J.Tobini Bromptonvilie; Patrick and Denis To-bin, North Dakota; Malcolm Tobin, Ottawa, and one sister, Mrs.Drury, Ottawa.The funeral will take place tomorrow (Saturday) at 9.30 from the re.sidence of her son-in-law, Mr.J.P.Mullins.SUNDAY Jarr.es J.Corbett, ex-chamjrion boxer in \"THE OTHER GULL.,\" a aiT-asbitYgr Tiorelty in colora.WEDNESDAY.Alice Joyce in \"BUSINESS OF LIFE.\" AMERICAN LEAGUE.Yesterday's Results: Boston 6, Chicago 0.New York 3, Cleveland 2.St.Louis 2, Washington 0.Detroit 10, Philadelphia 2.League Standing : AUCTION SALE Th« nndersigned having received instme-tipna from Mr.Victor McDonald, WILL SELL ON Saturday, June 15, 1918, at 1.36 p.nL.All his Household Furniture, com pris in g Boudoirs, Bedrooms, Kitchen Furniture, etc., etc.J P JUTRA3, Auctioneer.Office: 76 Kinj?St., Sherbrooke.\tWon.\tLost.\tP.C.Boston\t\t\t19\t.635 New York\t\t\t21\t.571 Chicago\t\t\t21\t.583 Cleveland\t\t.27\t25\t.519 St.Louis\t\t\t24\t.489 Washington .\t.-.25\t27\t.481 Philadelphia .\t.19\t28\t.404 Detroit\t\t\t29\t.341 AUCTION SALE AT MAPLE GROVE FARM, mile* from Milby, I will *e!l for Mr.J.E.Wadsworth ON Monday, June 17th, 1918 Seven head Thoroughbred Cattle, 1 Registered Ewe Lamb, Form Implements, Household Furniture, etc., etc.Terms\u2014Under $20, cash ; ov er S20, good endorsed note* at six months.Everything advertised will be sold.No reserve.E.HOWE, Auctioneer INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE.Yesterday\u2019s Results Toronto 3, Binghamton 0.Buffalo 3, Baltimore 0.Rochester at Jersey City\u2014ram.Syracuse at Newark\u2014rain.beneficial, as it was much needed.It ; came in torrents, accompanied by j lightning of sharp intensity.W.C.T.U.Convention.There was quite a delegation from ; the W.C.T.U.here that attended the; ; Stanstead County convention at Beebe; June 11 and 12.Mrs.T.N, St.Dizier, Mrs.G.A.Smith, Mrs.E.McClary, Mrs.H.Edson, Mrs.Luke Colt, Mrs.E.Whitcomb, Miss E.Stevenson, Mrs. 1; Mr.Harold $1.Total dexiations $5; Receipts of meeting $20.30.The next meeting will be held with Mrs.W.Mount, Tuesday, June 18th.BEDFORD MANSONV1LLE - ! A large and appreciative audience Mr.Cecil Canbell is still at home, filled the town hall on Friday even-and has not enlisted in the United ing, the attraction being a very Htates army.\tpleasing comedy of four acta, en- The Patriotic Knitting Club held titled \u201cCamp Fire Girls,\u201d In which their meeting on June 7 in the Methodist Church hall, the hostesses being Mesdames W.Oilmen, A.Percy, B.Hnider, F.Guthrie and 8.Laraway.Letters of thanks were read from the following for parcels received: Major Geo.Batchellor, Ptea.C.Fairfield and F.L.Swing.Twenty local talent starred to a marked degree.The play was well staged and each and every character demonstrated the fact that unusual care and attention had been given to tde-tails.Special mention might be made of Mrs.H.A.Gilman, who had a very difficult part, and one which she carried out well ; also of Miss Flora George, Mrs.Scott Fullerton, inasmuch- t ,\t, ^carefully put up owing to plenty «1 Itime being available.i W '-T iUSINE&S ÈAltflS Recommended E.T.Hotels ~ two members were present.The club % Total .63,295 received the following donatàaua: - Miss AdiH» Hastings 12 and $1 from i Miss Marjorie Holmes, Miss Cora a good friend.\tj George and Miss Marion Atwell.The Mr.W Pepper, of Shawinigan other characters of the play all.did oTT^Tiisd\tthat unless\tithe KUest ^ Mefi8r8\u2019 Q- Sny- exceptionally well, and the parasol 'deceived\tpublic\u201d j der and G- Martin for the week-end.1 drill, led by Miss Annls Shepard, was GonX of adv tha day following can-iMr- Martin iB confined to the house {greatly appreciated.Among the other not be guaranteed.All advertising .bv illness, but expects to return to i young ladies taking part were Misses copy wifi be handled in the order re- Shawinigau shortly.\t'Daisy Schoolcraft, Madeline Jersey, ceived.\tAdvertisers sending in\tcopy\tMrs.Z.Cornell left Monday for Theodora Manson, Glenora Davis] early have\tan additional\tadvantage,\tMontreal, where she will be the guest ! Etta Labellc, Dorothy Wright, Elsie inasmuch\tas\ttheir adv».can be\tmore\tof her sister, Mrs.R.Hemsley, West- Brundage and Ruth Perkins,' and mount, for some weeks.\ti each and every one had their parts Mr.and Mrs.I).J.Reid left Tues- i well learned.The entertainment was day for a trip through the New Eng- .for the benefit of the local branch of laud States.They will visit Mr.the Red Cross Society, which has ReftPs brother, Lieut.C.Reid, at j become enriched to the'amount of Owmp Devens, Ayer, Mass., and Mrs.S89, after meeting all expenses in Reid\u2019s parents, Mr.and Mrs.E.Per- connection.The success of the play kins, in Torrington, Conn.\tis largely due Miss Ruby Goff,\u2019 who Mrs.W.Cockerline entertained on had given \u2019much time and attention Monday afternoon in honor of her to make it a success.It is under-sister, Miss Sophie Elliott, of Clar- ; stood that steps will be taken sbort-enceville.Cards were played, after ily to stage the play in some of the which dainty refreshments were serv- adjoining towns for a like purpose « Bt- Pator Su Re»id»nc«, 14b Bt.Cyrille St.TaL connectu>a.ri A.MEAMK, COAVICeOK, QUE., QUE-O» bee Laud Surveyor Ball pkono.All kind» ot anrveya and )ev»Uinjf.Word has been received here of : the marriage of Miss Mabel Eaton, to Mr.Howard Capman, of Hamilton, Ont.The marriage, took place in Oshawa.Ont., Elder A.V.Olsen, of i that place, officiating.Miss Eaton j will be remembered here by many school : : friends.\tGrade Mr.Ernest Gibb is in town visiting ¦ Eager, friends.Quite a heavy thunder-storm swept over this place on Wednesday.The low lands are all but flooded.The evening of the Uth., inst, there was held a farewell party for Mr Satnley Purdy and family, who expect to leave for the West shortly Budget of^News from Various Sections of the Country.KINNEÂR\u2019S MILLS The following standing of the is the order of Kinnear\u2019s Mills GRANBY MAN PRAISES Y.M.C.A.E .,\t, _\tService effective June 2, 191a WORK AT FRONT Dr.Geo.S.Elkins Says Too Much Cannot Be Said in Its Favor\u2014 Comfort to Men Right at Front Line.VII.\u2014Olive Buchanan, E.I GRANBY, June 14.\u2014{Special! Grade McVetty Grade Grade meline V.\u2014 Lewis Eager (absent).IV.\u2014Florence Johnston.111.\u2014Harland McVety, Em-Bailey.Guy, James on Wednesday, of next week,1 marketing British iron ami steel evening Mrs.H.D.Wdlard gave a j June 19th\u201e w hen a report will be 1\u2014\u2022 - THE UPPER HOUSE Pafng visit for the vwo rochers who ^ven of the Macdonald College Con-BRANTFORD, Out.June 13.- ; rnfie,thelr ho1^ ^ her during ventlon, and a talk on gardening and \u201d11 The »ctLoa 01 thp ««\u201cAte in throw- the.*choo] tprn\\ Jhe young people canning by Mrs.Geo.Cook.U «en .Ud U.nk tor™ rt\tm*, 8, ^ ont the amendment ^ ^\tand young married people were the obtained at th* Post Offices of Canston, Qu*., ,\t- - - - -\u2014- , x , j , \u201c md at th* office of th* Po*t Offlc* impector.Inal co ¦- lx Miss .iceiria Ives at the: The fi.iancial statement of the Wo- and steel and manufactures thereof; p P'arentS\tMr- mRT>\u2019s Patriotic Society, from August *! 24th\u201e to April 1st, 1918, is as fol- th&t ahe feared that, aome of them would be arr«rted for treason be- Trodrr.\tto th* Pootmutor cauae of the commenta cm Canada\u2019s ^-toi-ed to BherbrorVe ootrL»?,C Wtn b.r^**d .t Otu-s noo^ i Upper House.____________________^utoredtOTSherbrockA Saturday,\tjlows: Ireuenl, vill b« r«e«tw«o«i it^r on tb« rmtt Sutton No.8, from th* hit ofj October next.1918.\ti Printed notice* \t1:01\t$56.75; collected by Mrs.Wil- j carry on commercial and industrial riantin^.e r.jnday, Mr.A.Beuveau\tklnson, $339.95;\tIndividual dona-\tactions in the United Kingdom only J r'®*4 Angus, at Mr.H D.Willard\u2019s\ttlona,\t$400;\tTown\tof Cookshlre, '\tunder license from the Government, recently; Lithe Averti WLlard home\t$100;\tW.C.T.\tU\u201e\t$3'\tdance and cairi\tar)^ that the Government chould con- * n Ÿ r ~rc- A r»* s r» Lz a * u tifvr n f Vinlrlincp MAIL CONTRACT Sealed T*rA*«,\tto tfc.PostmMtor! fr°m Ascot after a three weeks' slay party, $48.75\"; Ladles\u2019 Aid \"sôrietv 1 thft adlvisability of holding Csrsml, win b« r*o*tv»8 *t ottov* untn noon with her relatives.\t'son.T.t.Hio.' rSii'H r>K.T r.,.i\t' hunJ{BrlrifiC facilities within the Em- *nd *t th, offio* nd the Po*t Offlc* Tnspertor!'e® Prtdey, tk* l»tb of J0I7, 1818, tor ffi* non-\t-\u2014.\u2014\u2014-\t.\t,\t\u2019-or\t1i, i»i*.a majority of 443 over G.W.Baker,\tl.k Dastotis, Labor, in the by «-election yesterday.\tPo*t Ofa» !n»>*ctor.tom » to ooodltlon of P«j»*-d Oont-wt mar tv/0\tthat corps is now b*\tftn4 blank tnr.nu of Urn^tn rr.ay be ob-\t\u2019\ty talnad at th* Pott Offlc*» of Jobnvfil* and Martlnrllla, Que., anf) at th* affirm of th* Poet two months, that corps Is now very Cross, $18; button* and needles, $!),-much over strength, and has enough 34; cotton, $5.62; towelling, $21,58 ; men enlisted to supply tho roqulre-: comforts for soldiers, $10; pins, tape ments for the next three months.All and thread, $4.08; stamps, 30 cents ; applications from mon who are sub express and rartags, $4 39; total, I ject to the Military Service Act are $520.74; balance in bnak and on hand! now being refused.\t Chapter 1: Artificial Intelligence
Figure 1-5. Sample data and neural network–based estimations

Keras
The next example uses a sequential model with the Keras deep learning package.4 The
model is fitted, or trained, for 100 epochs. The procedure is repeated for five rounds.
After every such round, the approximation by the neural network is updated and
plotted. Figure 1-6 shows how the approximation gradually improves with every
round. This is also reflected in the decreasing MSE values. The end result is not per‐
fect, but again, it is quite good given the simplicity of the model:
In [35]: import tensorflow as tf
tf.random.set_seed(100)

In [36]: from keras.layers import Dense


from keras.models import Sequential
Using TensorFlow backend.

In [37]: model = Sequential()


model.add(Dense(256, activation='relu', input_dim=1))
model.add(Dense(1, activation='linear'))
model.compile(loss='mse', optimizer='rmsprop')

In [38]: ((y - y_) ** 2).mean()


Out[38]: 0.021662355744355866

In [39]: plt.figure(figsize=(10, 6))


plt.plot(x, y, 'ro', label='sample data')
for _ in range(1, 6):

4 For details, see Chollet (2017, ch. 3).

Neural Networks vii
Conclusions 391
References 392

14. Financial Singularity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395


Notions and Definitions 396
What Is at Stake? 396
Paths to Financial Singularity 400
Orthogonal Skills and Resources 401
Scenarios Before and After 402
Star Trek or Star Wars 403
Conclusions 404
References 404

Part VI. Appendixes


A. Interactive Neural Networks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407

B. Neural Network Classes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425

C. Convolutional Neural Networks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439

Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447

viii Photo: Octopi Media


J O E Y SAVATGY


MXGP BLOG

The un-merry go round So far there is little confirmation of the shape of MXGP for 2019. Why? The usual hesitancy of manufacturers and the binding nature of riders’ contracts that usually forbids any fanfare or announcement. Perhaps the most extreme example in recent memory was Gautier Paulin’s departure from HRC after 2015-2016 and his signature for Rockstar Energy IceOne Husqvarna. It was a deal known to most of the motocross world in the summer but not publicly confirmed until November! Paulin is one of the mysteries of 2018. The Frenchman is technically and physically one of the premium athletes of MXGP but four podium finishes represents a slim return for the factory Husky set-up and with the resources of a team like IceOne. Paulin has rarely figured in the running for holeshots – this has been an issue – and inevitably there have been rumours of discord in what is his second term with Husqvarna. If the 28 year old does want a ‘colour change’ then his options are very limited.

Roads with Kawasaki and Honda are closed, Suzuki are no more and are unlikely to return in 2019 according to the latest gossip and that leaves a return to Yamaha and the works set-up that he represented in 2010 and 2011. But Yamaha themselves are facing a mix-up. Romain Febvre is contracted to the Monster Energy works crew while the Italians are expected to interchange ‘Jeremys’: Van Horebeek for Seewer. The latter has another year on his Yamaha Motor Europe agreement and the former is almost certainly expected to curtail his blue association that began in 2014 and never reached the giddy heights of that first term (the only one where JVH did not have a teammate in direct competition) as he classified second in the world. Another aspect of the relative quiet when it comes to transfers is the status of the principal names.

Febvre, Cairoli, Herlings, Desalle, Gajser are all set and this swallows the budget and focus for four brands (meaning that both Husqvarna and Paulin would be wise to arrest any complications in their working relationship and plough forwards together). The scurry for second saddles and the plumpest rides in satellite teams is thus occupying most of the talks. The small market for riders (teams once again have a merry pick of the athletes) means that squads like Standing Construct – an operation fuelled by good and strong relationships between the staff and the passion of owner Tim Mathys – are able to offer KTM-supported equipment and a solid employment option for an athlete only a year after coming back into the paddock. Glenn Coldenhoff’s consistency and wise stock-piling of goodwill with Red Bull KTM over the last three years means the Dutchman is already signed and set with Standing.


By Adam Wheeler

The rush is on for the other berth; assuming that Kevin Strijbos stops his long GP career this summer and Valentin Guillod is not given another opportunity after his desperately unlucky pre-season leg break. Again it feels like MXGP is narrow for prospecting. And it comes at a time when the 2019 provisional calendar has the series at arguably its most cosmopolitan and adventurous. Riders such as Wilvo Yamaha’s Shaun Simpson, who gave the burgeoning satellite Yamaha operation their very first GP win, is facing an uncertain time after eighteen months of injury upheaval. New teams like the experimental BOS GP outfit (with Evgeny Bobryshev steering a stock Suzuki and Jordi Tixier – how injury cursed has the former MX2 world champion been in the last three years? – on a KTM under the same awning with the French suspension firm) are greatly welcomed if perhaps seen as a risky move by the older echelon of the MXGP regular.

Small holes and windows have appeared and have allegedly been filled. It is common knowledge that HRC have looked around for a replacement for the luckless Brian Bogers (there are apparently concerns over the Dutchman’s badly broken foot) and have identified Max Anstie to sit alongside Tim Gajser on the works CRF450R. Incredibly an HRC machine will represent the Brit’s fifth different bike in five years and his fourth team. Anstie is only 25 years old but someone somewhere must be able to unlock his potential for race-leading consistency and to eek the athlete that blasted the ’17 Motocross of Nations out of his shell on a frequent basis. It’s hard to see him having many more chances with a high degree of backing. Anstie’s IceOne slot is earmarked for tall Lithuanian Arminas Jasikonis; still raw, undeniably strong and also young at 20 and trying his best on the Redmoto Assomotor Honda after his rough treatment when Suzuki imploded. Simpson’s two year tenure at Wilvo looks to be slipping away and with Arnaud Tonus expected

to be given another chance after his shoulder surgery then another YZ450F could be in the offing. Another void – interestingly – is Red Bull KTM. What could happen in terms of MX2? Pauls Jonass is already viewing a 450 SX-F besides Herlings and Cairoli. The Latvian might have to move if he wins a second MX2 title (according to the rules) but if he doesn’t then he would be wise to stay on the 250 for another season, collect more wins, bonuses and give the team another strong shot at ruling the division. If Jorge Prado triumphs then will the urge to depart to the USA and chase his supercross dream be too strong to resist? Regardless, if one of the warring but amicable title candidates transfers away from the current base then KTM are suddenly short on strong and obvious options for the second SX-F. Time on planes and in airports in the last three weeks would have allowed plenty of minutes for talks and thoughts. Loket could already see the ruffling and scribbling of more papers…but most likely behind closed doors.



mxgp asia


Products

protaper ProTaper are making quite a name for themselves with their variety and innovation when it comes grips and the Pillow Tops are a case in point. The company say the Pillow Tops are their best sellers, largely thanks to an exclusive traction pattern and of gel-like, vibration-reducing surface compound that maximises both grip and comfort. The triple density (and anti-rip-tip) gives the product extra longevity and resistance to the elements/demands.

www.protaper.com The design also assists in terms of shedding mud away from the outer surface. There is also a ‘lite’ version (as well priced at 12.95 dollars) with a smaller outside diameter. In addition to the Pillow Top, ProTaper fabricate different densities of grip and have alternative options like their 1/3 Waffle, Race Cut, Neon and Micro Grips. Have a look on the site to find the best fit for your bike.



Feature


How Ben Watson became Grand Prix’s hottest prospect By Adam Wheeler, Photos by Ray Archer

the

big

stepper


Feature

I

n the summer of 2016 Ben Watson was sat at his home in Lambley, Nottingham with his left foot wrapped in plaster. After smashing and breaking the navicular bone and several metatarsals in Argentina early in the season Watson spent months immobile and on crutches. After a debut term in 2015 rife with hard lessons, mechanical trouble and setbacks it was not the platform the teenager and highly rated junior prospect needed. It was a sour and sobering time. Watson learned to deal with the harshest element of motocross. He was out of sight but not quite forgotten and 2017 supported by Hitachi KTM and some close personal sponsors – together with fleeing moments of top five speed in MX2 Grand Prix – righted the path. By last summer #919 was in Yamaha’s field of vision. Watson filled a nice hole in the company’s strategy for the class and the Kemea Yamaha crew of having riders on three different tiers: a title fighter, a developing talent, and a promising young rookie. Seva Brylyakov was the championship or race-winning hope, Watson was the intermediate and Belgian hotshot Jago Geerts was the YZ250F pilot without pressure for 2018. Signing that factory-backed deal reoriented Watson’s world.

“I don’t know if there has been one big thing that has changed because so much around me has...” He relocated to Belgium and was surrounded by the assets and means to hike his performance and professionalism up to a higher level. Perhaps most crucially of all he aligned with the team’s coach and trainer and former World Champion Jacky Vimond.

Watson had been hyped from an early age and after exploding into recognition at fifteen years of age with EMX250 racewinning glory and potential had been forced to learn patience. He has only just turned 21.


big stepper: ben watson xxxxxxxx: xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

In MXGP this year arguably no other rider that has shown as much progression. Although he has posted (too?) many fourth positions and peers like Calvin Vlaanderen have also made hay, Watson has excelled in almost every respect: his consistency, his speed (Saturday practice and qualification has witnessed drastic improvement), his race approach and his single-mindedness: just watch his chase of Thomas Kjer Olsen in Portugal or the charge to second place in Indonesia. Kemea have had their plans scrambled

somewhat. Watson has turned into the team leader, Brylyakov has sadly succumbed to another injury and Geerts has also picked up a maiden podium trophy as Watson so satisfyingly managed in Russia. Amidst all the subversion of expectation Watson has devoured opportunities to learn about racing near the front of the pack. The Red Bull KTM duel between Pauls Jonass and Jorge Prado has taken headlines but Watson and co have been trying their hardest to rustle the orange coop.


Feature The Brit has certainly been the most regular rider of Japanese machinery in terms of making himself a nuisance among the Austrian-engineered bikes. At the heart of Watson’s transformation from a burgeoning star on the edge of the MX2 top ten to a Grand Prix winnerin-waiting has been his union with the quiet, astute and immensely knowledgeable Vimond. The Frenchman has lent his perceptive glance on the complexities of the sport and the individual to riders like Sebastian Tortelli and Josh Coppins and tried to coax the best of Benoit Paturel while in his Kemea tenure. “It is hard for me to find the right words to explain about Ben…but what comes to mind right now is that he is one of the smartest guys I have been able to work with,” Jacky says.

Watson – one of the taller riders in the division among other ‘giants’ like Vlaanderen and Olsen - is quiet, smiley and timid sometimes, and Vimond was surprised by the ‘growth’ of his new charge towards the end of 2017. “We were watching him and we could see he was a good rider but we didn’t know much more,” he offers. “Last year he’d have some nice races where he did well at the start of the moto but would then drop away. He’d begin in the top six-eight and finish ten-twelve: I thought I would have a lot of work to do with him but as soon as we started with the physical work his body reacted really well and very quickly. It was unusual. His confidence also grew very fast. We still have to make some progress with intensity.”

“Last year I was hovering around sixteenth-seventeenth in the championship and then finished fifteenth. I was the fifteenth fastest MX2 guy in the world. Now I’m currently fourth and everything has changed...” “He really shines in the aspect of his mind and learning, and for me it is very interesting to work with guys like that because you can go deeper and look at focus; rather than saying ‘just take this line…’ That’s not the best way to train guys. Ben believes in the process of getting ready for each and every race to take confidence and to get stronger and stronger. It’s nice to work like that and you can see how much he can improve.”

“There are a lot of good technical riders on the Grand Prix track and it’s only when you really start working with a rider that you start to learn about his potential and how high it can go. I don’t feel that Ben is near his limit; and that’s really nice.” Perhaps one of the most fascinating aspects of Watson’s flowering 2018 has been the way he attacks a track and a Grand Prix moto. It is rare to see him losing positions and more often than not the blue machine is the one on the charge.


big stepper: ben watson

The meek talented kid is now an expressive livewire. His confidence is manifesting itself very visually and Vimond says this is linked to his life in general. “We need to make him a little but more ‘the leader’,” he opines “and I don’t mean on the track but in the life. Things like not being the last one to arrive at the restaurant but be the first, the one organising the table and the group. I push him to do that. In the beginning it was quite difficult for him. Now he is finding himself more and is then able to show that on the track. I want him to have more of a taste of being at the front and to fight for it. I want to keep to his current rhythm and I have to respect it because he has made a good step. He’s done a good job.” Vimond is modest about his role. “It has to come from him. All the good qualities as a racer he has inside, and you just have to help them come out. That’s my work. When he’s going upwards then we’re doing a good job.” “I’ve always known I’ve had the ability but in the last years I’ve always been quite far from being able to show it and achieve something,” Ben admits from the confines of his camper at the Grand Prix of Germany, round eight at Teutschenthal, a small place where we talk as parents finish a BBQ meal outside. “A few times last season I felt I was riding well and close to some of the top guys’ pace but I was very inconsistent. I had weak times in practice and Saturday’s generally.”


“I don’t know if there has been one big thing that has changed because so much around me has; from moving to Belgium, working with Jacky and having full-time practice and race mechanics and being based with the team,” he muses. “I cannot really pinpoint one thing. It has been quite a surprise though, and for the team also! Obviously nobody is complaining! My main goal for the year was to reach the podium and I did that six rounds in. …” There is getting used to be a factory rider but then having the confidence to take full profit of it… Yeah, but I think if it was the other way around – starting in a factory team and moving private – then that would take a lot more getting used to. I’m used to doing things by myself and my previous team did everything they could for me but some set-ups just have more support. It did take some adjustment but it was not an environment that felt really strange or alien. There were a lot of details that I was really ready to embrace and it was pretty easy. Was it mainly about freeing your mind to worry only about aspects of riding? Sure. After riding now I just go home and relax or I train with Jacky and we talk and think about how I can be better and what we should try working on. Like I said a lot of things have changed but I am definitely enjoying it and find I can achieve more this way. What’s your take on Jacky and how you work together? He has made a big difference, because we spend a lot of time together. I wake up and we do either recovery work or training and riding in the afternoon. He’ll tell me the programme and I’ll go and do it-


big stepper: ben watson


Feature That’s quite a leap of faith… I have a lot of trust in him because I have seen how he has worked with other riders previously and obviously he was world champion himself; even if a lot has changed since then. I put all my trust in the team and Jacky and I’m prepared to see where it takes me. Right now it is going good. I felt that positivity from the first weeks in the winter. He’s very good in terms of listening to me. If I say to him I feel I have done too much or maybe not enough then he’ll be cool with that. It is not like we have a strict regime where he says and I do. For sure not. Seva [Brylyakov] is now out but we were working together with him and both really enjoying it. It’s nice to let someone else to plan all the training and all the logistics side! There have been many times where I’ve thought ‘well, that’s completely different for me’An example? The amount of riding that I’m doing. Last year it would be once a week during the season and now it can be twice or none at all. It varies all the time. In the winter we did a minimum of four long days of riding a week whereas last year it would have been when the tracks are open in the UK. That’s why moving to Belgium has been so good because the only day the tracks are shut is Monday. Otherwise you can ride until it gets dark. In the UK everything is sessioned. In Belgium we’d ride all day and Jacky was able to section the track and we could pull on and off to work on special places. The winter days were long but I trusted what we were doing.

The move to Belgium was a pretty big deal… It was a little bit easier than I expected actually because my brother Nathan was living there on his own when he was racing in Grand Prix. He said it was tough. It was hard to relax in the evening because he was on his own and bored. So I expected the worst when I came and obviously had to leave my family and everybody at home; which meant everything that had been done for me before I suddenly had to do by myself. It was a big step in my life and not just my career. Is there a danger that being in Belgium is too much though? Is it difficult to switch off because you are still in ‘motocross country’?


big stepper: ben watson

Yeah, in that way it is hard. If I had a day off in the UK then I’d always do something with the family, my girlfriend or meet my friends. In Belgium I don’t really know anybody apart from the team and a few British guys living there like Shaun Simpson. To be honest though when I do have a day off then I need one and I don’t mind just vegging out and doing nothing. I’m enjoying my life. Marnicq [Bervoets, Team Manager] said he wanted to see you showing more aggression in your mentality. Do you feel you’ve done that? A little bit. I think they believed I was too much of a nice guy with my riding. They wanted me to be ‘more of a man’ I guess! And become more aggressive, like you said. I don’t know: I guess that is just in me from the way I have been brought up.

I think a few things are changing – and for the better – in that respect. Is it new ground for you to feel that you should be in the top three and one of the fastest? On Saturdays in 2017 you were a bit of a wimp…! Saturdays were terrible and I was lucky if I was in the top fifteen and now I’m fighting for the top three all the time. Now when I come in and see the [time] sheets my first reaction is happiness and that is still a weird feeling for me even if it has happened at most rounds. I had my best qualification race result with a second and when I came over the line it felt like it was something new. The team have told me many times “believe in yourself…” and to realise this is where I should be.


Feature


Do you feel that level of belief is now 7030? Is it going up? I think so. Recently I finished sixth in qualification and I didn’t feel that good about it. But if I go back to the start of the year then I would have been thrilled with that in Argentina. Each weekend I keep producing good form and it’s making me believe more, and now I have a different level of expectation. I know I am better than sixth. Does success sometimes also mean more frustration then? Not really, or perhaps it does at the time, but if you stand back and look at progress or how you were performing the previous year then the bigger picture makes you happier. And that means also looking at darker days like in 2016 where you spent the season on the sofa with a badly broken foot…? Yeah. Thinking of qualifying sixth and not being that happy is nothing compared to something like 2016. Sometimes I look back at 2017 results compared to what I am doing now, like Arco di Trento I was 15-17 and then this time I was third in practice, fourth in qualification…[trails off]. You stop sometimes to think. The step I’ve made in such a short period of time is satisfying. Is it also risky having achieved a goal so early in the season? Thomas Kjer Olsen won in Latvia last year and then missed the podium for the rest of the campaign… Not really, I was quick to set new goals. I have a wider picture to be looking at and working towards every day. The feeling I had when I was on the podium and during the long journey home from Russia was amazing and gives you more drive each weekend to get it again… maybe with your family there. Talk more about that feeling… It was such a big goal as a kid. I just wanted to be on the podium – I don’t know why and I didn’t obsess over a win. I always had it in my mind. When I rode over the line in Russia I thought ‘argh, fourth overall again’ but then rode up to the pit wall and the team were

going mad, so I just dropped the bike and was dancing around like crazy. It was a lot to take-in and it felt like a lot to do – interviews, podium, press conference – in a short amount of time. It was all a new feeling that I hadn’t had before. But you’ve won races, beach races and stood in front of people with cups… Yeah, but I’d rather have one GP podium than having won any other race. It is a world championship and not many people have done it. It means so much more. Is it too much to think about a final top three position in the world championship? Last year I was hovering around sixteenthseventeenth in the championship and then finished fifteenth. I was quite happy with that. I was the fifteenth fastest MX2 guy in the world let’s say. Now I’m currently fourth and everything has changed; all the goals and expectations went away after that first race in Argentina. I surprised myself a lot. So I had to reset and go again. Do you have bragging rights at the Watson dinner table now? Yeah! And no…it is really nice to have that sort of thing. I remember travelling with [former teammate] Jake Nicholls last year and I’d had a good race and he’d had a bad one. The team were joking with him and he kinda snapped back saying “how many podiums have you had then Ben?” obviously I was like [sheepishly] “yeah…none”. Getting up there is something you can remember forever. Even this week I was texting Shaun about going to play golf and I went out riding and completely missed his message and didn’t reply until the next day. I apologised but he joked that I thought I was the king now that I was hitting GP podiums! [instantly] I’d never be like that or be big-headed or think I am better than anyone else just because it’s happened now. I’ll just keep it inside and quietly keep working to get a few more for myself.




Feature


juicing the orange By Adam Wheeler, Photos by KTM/Romero/Campelli

KTM make 2019 motocross statement


Feature

L

ucky, lucky KTM. There are not many motorcycle brands that can organise a high-quality launch event with the likes of Ryan Dungey, Tony Cairoli and Jorge Prado for company. One that takes place at Cairoli’s local track in Rome, Malagrotta where the seeds were sown for so many victories and his nine FIM World Championship titles to-date. Even more impressive is the manufacturer’s 2019 SX range with a line-up of six exquisite two-stroke (125, 150 and 250) and four-stroke models (250, 350 and 450) that the brand hope will maintain their hefty market share and industry status as pacesetters in the field. Beyond the row of shiny machinery for journalists and testers to sample lies rolling, shallow hills of the countryside west of Rome. Malagrotta is perched atop a similar incline. An orange-painted restaurant/bar close to the circuit entrance is a clue to the importance of this venue in KTM’s recent MXGP spoils and success. Open and hard-pack, the track then suddenly drops down a steep slope and disappears out of view. “This place hasn’t changed too much over the years to be honest and a special part is that sandy section at the bottom which means the ground varies and you get different kinds of bumps,” Cairoli explains. “I have done too many laps of this track to ever remember…but it’s really nice for testing.” Cairoli, Dungey and co are here as a reward for their contribution to the new bikes as for their ‘window-dressing’ impact at the launch. KTM Product Manager Offroad Joachim Sauer stresses that the factory motocross riders and their opinions and feedback were key in development of the 2019 range (even down to current EMX125 European Championship

leader Rene Hofer giving his verdict on work done with the 85 SX). While Head of Engine Offroad & Motocross R&D Michael Viertlmayr says: “without the approval of our racing athletes we do not make any major changes to our bikes. That is a clear statement from KTM and that is ‘READYTORACE’.” The influence of the race team on a blossoming R&D department in Mattighofen (Sauer even credits the data collection and acquisition of MotoGP in bringing


ktm 2019 sx range xxxxxxxx: xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

benefits to the motocross portfolio of technology) has led to development of the 2019 two-strokes and four-strokes with the emphasis on three core areas: rideability, power delivery and ergonomics.

From the initial unveiling of the SX motorcycles, through the course of technical explanations and the first laps of four-stroke growl and two-stroke zing, a recurring message is clear and perhaps best summarised by Head of Motocross Platform R&D Manfred Edlinger: “The aim is to always get riding more simple, more easy and with usable power.�

The joy and the jump: Rideability

This is quite some objective. Especially considering a bike like the 2018 450 SX-F was already capable enough to capture AMA 450SX and MXGP World Championship titles in the summer of 2017.


Feature In fact Sauer even comments at one stage that “we did not want to make something completely new because the previous bike was already pretty close to optimum.” So how did KTM find this upgrade? “The frame has been drastically improved to get agility on one side…but still keep straight line stability, and the combination of the longer swingarm means the riders can now shorten or lengthen the wheelbase to make the bike turn easier,” says Sauer. The new lightweight hightech frame made of chromium molybdenum steel sections also have aluminium swingarm and longer subframe elements. The tweaks do not stop there. “Mass centralisation is a big priority and we lowered the cylinder head again, especially on the 450, by 12mm and the camshaft also and this had a bigger influence than many of us expected on the handling,” Edlinger reveals. “The overall effect was a lighter feeling and made planting the bike into the corner easier as well as moving the bike in the air.” Add a revised (stiffer) triple clamp, WP

Suspension AER 48 valve forks and a WP DCC shock and the effects of the new frame are accentuated. “Across the four-stroke range the way the frame and the stock suspension and the engine delivery all compliment each other is a big thing in the way these bikes feel,” says test rider and former British Championship racer Dave Willet, one of the first to feel his way around the Malagrotta curves. “KTM talked about stiffening the frame so that it doesn’t twist and that’s the key. Perhaps the flex in the last frame just took away some of that capability for the rider to be pinpoint accurate in manoeuvring the bike. Where they have made that strengthening - and eradicated that twist - means that it glides across the track. And this is something that can be said for all the four-strokes but even more so on the 450.” “The 450 SX-F was the one that impressed me the most,” Willet continues. “As soon as you got on the bike then you felt comfortable and that came through the balance.


ktm 2019 sx range xxxxxxxx: xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

It felt like there was a closer connection with the bike. In the past riders have made a big deal about the ‘European’ feel of non-Japanese motorcycles and nobody really mentions that anymore, especially over the last five years. The bike still feels like a KTM and has its own identity.” “In the past if you watched riders move from a Japanese bike to a KTM then their craft change. People would be less inclined to cut their way across the track and will be more inclined to get set-up early for lines or the sections they want. It would have been easier for you to make the track shorter on a Japanese bike…but this has been totally wiped out by the new SX frame. You can move this 450 where and when you want: inside or outside, the bike allows you to do that. With the 450 SX-F being one of the fastest bikes on the market it was hard to move it in the past… but not any more: the frame, swingarm, linkage, suspension all compliments the engine force. Through the balance the 450 was just ‘easy’; that’s the best word to describe it.”

Of course ‘rideability’ is essentially a combination of facets of the motorcycle. This is where the character of the production engine and the other details and upgrades have some bearing. “KTM have always made fast bikes but now it seems that they are moving away from that as a priority; they are concentrating their efforts into making bikes that people can easily ride,” Willet adds. “That was one of the biggest things I took from the launch.”

Deliver those horses “I would say the 450 SX-F is the sharpest weapon in the new KTM arsenal and the biggest gain has been with the new cylinder head,” offers Viertlmayr. “We managed to move the camshaft down 13mm in comparison to the predecessor, which centralises the rotating masses even further towards the centre of gravity of the bike and has led to a massive handling improvement. In addition we managed to make the packaging a lot smaller.


Feature We are about 50mm lower compared to the previous bike and about 550g less weight. We have new rocker arms and rocker shafts, new camshafts and we managed to improve performance at the bottom end without any downsides. We were even able to reduce the amount of moving parts inside the cylinder head and increase the quality and that includes details such as lower risk of misassemble.” At 63hp KTM claim the 450 SX-F is the fastest and lightest on the market. It is little surprise that harnessing that potential was high on the design brief and the savings made in overall weight has allowed even more performance. Power delivery has been a distinction across the SXs, not only with the 450. “We worked on every single model in terms of improving this in combination with cylinders and cylinder heads on the fourstrokes and exhaust systems, airbox and EMS and electronics,” explains Sauer. “It doesn’t make sense to improve the peak performance of a 450; we have 63

Firmaxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

horses, so the secret is about bringing the power down to the ground and there we made a major step forward.” KTM have again forced their motocross catalogue into a diet. “Overall 550g was lost on the 350 SX-F and 300g on the 250 SX-F,” Viertlmayr says of the powerplants. “Weight dropped by 200g on the 450 SX-F cylinder head alone.” KTM are using a Pankl gearbox (the firm has F1 and MotoGP pedigree with high-quality parts and castings), DS clutches on all models and with steel elements. “The components are made of steel and we have a weight drop; this is the old story of smart engineering and it the same with the steel chassis because steel can be lighter than aluminium if you do it right,” advocates Viertlmayr. “You can always feel how light the bikes are compared to other manufacturers, and how fast they are too,” Willet contests. “Second gear on the 450 SX-F engine is longer now because they have improved mid-range torque.


ktm 2019 sx range


Feature

Even though it was one of the fastest bikes out there it always tended to have a bit of a dip in the power delivery but that has been cleaned out and it really helps for driving out of the turns. Second gear is so usable everywhere. Before you felt like it would come in with a ‘hit’ and encourage you to change up a bit more. Now it’s more manageable; it just hooks up, drives and lets you rev out. It is like every aspect of the bike is maximised and you are getting benefit from everything.” “KTM have concentrated on letting the 450 move around the track with ease and it takes less physical strength to do that; you don’t have to manhandle it as much. It means the market for this motorcycle has now increased massively,” he adds.

The virtues of KTM’s ‘flagship’ has allowed them to maintain their dominance in racing circles. “As proof of concept we are first and second in MXGP so we are pretty happy with this model,” Viertlmayr says. Willet also felt increased power in the other four-strokes. The 350 (“brilliant and in it’s own class. Definitely a Clubman bike and has more power than in previous years”) and the 250 SX-F (“there are only slight changes but you can feel the improvement. There were a couple of different set-ups on the bikes we tried and I felt they made a difference, such as whether the bike was running the Akrapovic or FMF pipe) are very capable options for riders searching for a different dynamic away from the grunt of the 450.


ktm 2019 sx range

For the ‘smokers’ the new clutch and exhaust pipe (more on that later) were standouts. “The 125 SX and 250 SX both have a new pipe and I felt the benefits of that with the throttle connection: really good,” says Willet, who is a big twostroke fan. “The 250 was very easy and manageable, especially with that counter-balance shaft. It probably lacks a little bit of top-end and that’s a result of it being manageable. There was also less vibration, which is something KTM have been working on. I can remember riding one in 2010 and the power was strong but it was shaking my hands. That’s not the case any more and it is a very rideable two-stroke.”

ergo: let’s go The shape and usable function of the SXs is an aspect where KTM listened carefully to racers and customers. “We got a lot of feedback from our factory riders about the edges where we could get better,” Sauer claims. Slimmer profiling, altered plastics and more ‘connection’ was the result and thus another attribute toward better ‘rideability’. “Rider friction sounds like another sales pitch but you really can feel it,” Willet opines. “There is less contact in certain areas and the way you now have to grip the bike and with the sub-frame being slimmer allows you to transfer your body weight more easily. When you come into a turn standing up then you can easily shift your weight forwards or backwards. It is key across the range but it is more apparent on the 450 SX-F because of the size of the bike and how fast it is. It made Malagrotta easy to ride around.”

A curious example of how KTM looked at the two-strokes and forced through noticeable gains can be seen with the 250 SX exhaust and head-pipe. The story also highlights how the company can use 3D printing (greatly reducing production and testing windows) and design thinking from other racing disciplines to benefit the consumer. “We made the pipe smaller by increasing clearance on the left side by 25mm which is quite a lot,” says engine specialist Viertlmayr. “We got rid of the old nasty ‘snow plough’ design on the predecessor – that our test riders were saying they had to change five times a year - and we could bend the pipe better around the frame. If you did this in an ‘old-school’ way then you would immediately lose performance but we learnt a trick from MotoGP by using oval cross sections in the first two bends and we could reduce the flow co-efficient in the pipe to have the same or even better performance. The truth is that if you have tighter bends then you clip the power. We managed to have better power and better packaging.” Elsewhere Willet felt the 125 SX had been galvanised by the 2019 chassis. “This bike has been the fastest and the lightest 125 for over a decade now and it’s just getting better thanks to the frame and suspension,” he says. “A key thing also is the stiffer triple clamp. You could quite easily bang the forks through in previous years and I didn’t get that impression on the new bike. Mass centralisation is a concept that gets thrown around a lot now but the KTM range is really moving forward in that direction and they are progressing. The 125 is lighter and much faster in stock form.


Feature

One of the advantages the competition such as Yamaha - had over the KTM was in the stock carb settings but this is dwindling away to almost nothing.” The 150 SX still has its place in the pecking order. “There are many amateurs that like to have the extra bottom-end power compared to a 125,” says Sauer. “A two-stroke customer is still looking for a low-cost motorcycle and the sales figures of this particular model means there is still good demand for it.” KTM are also looking out for rider’s more sensitive ‘regions’. “A massive influence in the new ergonomics was the seat: it seems a small thing but it is the main contact point for the user,” Sauer adds.

They explained that a ‘shootout’ of competitors’ efforts when it came to saddles led to the contours and construction of the 2019 SX platform. More comfort, easier removal (just one screw) and silicon strips for grip was the goal. “It’s noticeable for being more comfortable and the shape,” Willet says. “I didn’t really feel if it was more grippy. A lot of people are looking at seats at the moment and it is an area where manufacturers are concentrating on getting it right. In the past they were more flat and the foam did not last as much as it should do. The KTM seat was firm but not uncomfortable on track.”


ktm 2019 sxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx range xxxxxxxx:

The presence of KTM’s PowerParts and PowerWear revealed a few interesting titbits of information. For example exhausts can be boosted thanks to official collaborations with both Akrapovic and FMF (the latter providing header and silencer combos) and apparently even the factory race team will be using the D.I.D Dirtstar wheel rims next year. The PowerWear department have created a new alliance with Scott Sports to brand a range of their market-leading Prospect goggle and unions with Alpinestars and Troy Lee Designs means that the riding gear in the catalogue stays fresh and performs to a decent level. WP Suspension PRO COMPONENTS allows the rider to sculpt the handling and feeling to their particular needs. The WP AER 48 Cone Valve Forks and WP TRAX shock are the ideal tools and WP also have 74 Authorised Centres in 26 countries – with expansion happening all the time according to the Munderfing-based firm - to get the equipment fully dialled-in. Riders and racers circulated Malagrotta with abandon. Even a heavy rainstorm did not overly dampen enthusiasm. Back at the lavish hospitality set-up the engineers and technicians prepped to receive yet more comments on their work were free to give personal judgement on where the SX range could move next. Sauer shed some light on the process. “If you ask the MXGP guys ‘what do we change?’ they normally cannot give you an answer. Instead you need to go to them with a suggestion. If you go with a longer, shorter or lighter frame then it is hard to predict whether they will like it. I think today there is no real direction in which way we can go because I believe we are really close to perfect.”

Only seven days earlier at the Grand Prix of Germany MXGP Championship leader Jeffrey Herlings had used the same ‘P’ word to describe his 450 SX-F; a race bike wholly based on the production version that was cutting berms at Malagrotta. “We will stick to our concept,” confirms Sauer. “We won’t turn the cylinder around. There are a lot of ideas coming in and we have a lot of ideas thanks to a close co-operation with the MotoGP department and their influence is coming into motocross. There is some space to improve, but today I don’t see much need to improve.” The 2019 KTM SX range has been cast from experience, knowledge, expertise and delicate craft and it would appear to be a no-brainer for riders to take their pick when it comes to a new dirtbike.


Products

6D helmets 6D’s premium ATR-2 helmet is the product that has advanced head protection another level since its launch this year. The ‘2’ is a progression over the ATR-1 thanks to a wealth of additions and features; this is no mere upgrade. Further protection of the brow area (‘rib’) and Cervical Protection Zone are just two elements of an far-reaching shell design with low friction disc and isolation dampers playing a key role if you take a tumble.

www.6dhelmets.com The same ground-breaking ODS technology is prevalent and refined and the ideal concussion combatant. Five designs involve Strike, Metric, Aero, Circuit and Sector and four of the five come in different colour options. Expect a fee of around 695 dollars (699 euros) for the best in helmet safety you can buy. Click on THIS LINK to read more and have your eyes opened.



SBK

pirelli riviera di rimini round

misano ¡ july 7-8 ¡ Rnd 6 of 13

Race one winner: Jonathan Rea, Kawasaki Race two winner: Jonathan Rea, Kawasaki

putting air... Blog by Graeme Brown, Photos by GeeBee Images


worldsbk misano



worldsbk misano


SBK BLOG

trials and tribulations... Where to start on the events of the last few weeks? As many people will know I had all of my main working lenses stolen on Thursday afternoon at Misano, whilst I was doing a portrait shoot with Ana Carrasco for Kawasaki. Sadly I wasn’t the only victim and Gold ‘n’ Goose photographer Chippy Wood also had a big lens stolen at the same time. There isn’t much more to say really. The press room at Misano is controlled by security staff checking passes on entry so there can only be one of two possibilities: someone with a media credential has stolen the kit or someone has got past security both on the way in and the way out. Either way there is nothing I can do about it. I have a fairly strong view that a large percentage of the people in media centres at races have no right to be there. We are in a time when the media interest in WorldSBK is dwindling and yet there was easily in excess of 100 people in the media centre, the vast majority of them with cameras.

I am honestly tired talking about this issue. The prospect of it changing is minimal and I therefore can’t be bothered wasting my time and energy on the subject anymore. The matter is now with the Keystone Cops that are the Carabinieri Misano Adriatico – one officer actually referred to his colleague as Mr Bean, oh how we laughed – and my insurance company. I will wait and see what comes of it all. The one group of people, however, that I must offer my heartfelt thanks to are Nikon Italia and Nikon UK/Europe. It was a godsend that the NPS (Nikon Professional Service) were at Misano and were able to give me some loan equipment for the weekend. However, I was travelling directly from Misano to Milan to catch a 6am flight from Malpensa to Barcelona on Monday morning for another shoot. Gilles from Nikon Italia pulled a few strings and between him and Rob MacNeice from Nikon UK, they organized for some additional loan equipment to get me through that job.

I am also heading to Japan for the Suzuka 8Hr next week and they have agreed that if the insurance issue is not resolved I will have some further lenses for that. To have the support and professional back up from them has been great. So I won’t be calling around other camera manufacturers with my begging bowl to find replacements. Nikon have served me well and I will be happy to buy more kit from them if needs be. Hmmmm. I thought there wasn’t much more to say. Ooops. Sorry. On the race track it is a very familiar story. No one has an answer for Jonathan Rea and his Ninja ZX-10RR. There is a lot of discussion in general life at the moment about artificial intelligence. What will companies like Microsoft and Google come up with, how will the likes of Elon Musk revolutionize our lives with machines that will learn and adapt, become stronger, faster, more efficient


By Graeme Brown

through experience, despite any obstacle put in there way. Jonathan Rea sat on a Kawasaki for the first time at the end of 2014 at Motorland Aragon. By the time we had arrived at Phillip Island for the start of the 2015 season the package looked strong. Strong enough to win, strong enough to dominate the season and clinch the title with a few races still to go. Every year since the FIM and Dorna between them have changed the technical regulations in an attempt to balance the performance of all machines and facilitate a way to have closer racing and more varied results. In 2016, Rea and Kawasaki dominated again. Last year the reverse grid system was introduced; if you win race one you start from ninth in race two. Rea won more than he had previously and broke the all-time points scoring record for a single season in WorldSBK. This year the upper limit on engine revs have been capped. The Ninja ZX-10RR has less to play with than everyone else so things will be more equal now. Surely. Please.

In spite of all these changes and restrictions Team65 are dominating again. It is almost as though they are adapting, learning, becoming stronger, faster, better all the time. Truly, the bike racing equivalent of AI. I think, however, there are signs that a light breeze of change is beginning to blow. I have been impressed this year with the progress made at Yamaha. Both Alex Lowes and Michael van der Mark seem to be more at ease with the R1 and Yamaha themselves have made the step onto the podium and taken victories. Should both riders decide to stay, and not be tempted by a seat on a MotoGP Petronas machine, the progress curve should keep rising next year. Ducati will have the new V4 in race trim and from those that have ridden the street machine, it is a bit of a missile. Again the rider line up has still to be confirmed and the final pieces of that merry-go-round – or not so much go-round – should be decided over the summer break.

I am still hoping that fortunes will turn around at Honda. Leon Camier is making good progress on the Fireblade with the Magneti Marelli electronics but there is just a final piece of the jigsaw missing. Honda are apparently now looking to work on engine tuning for next year and hopefully that will bring them into the top six mix. One unknown is where BMW will fit in. There is a real ‘will they, won’t they’ discussion at the moment over the possibility of a fully supported team on a new race honed S1000RR. As a manufacturer they certainly have the resources to come with a full tilt at the championship. It’s another road machine that journalists have raved about but the question is whether or not there is the will at boardroom level to try and usurp the green machine. It’s a bit depressing in many ways to be entering the summer break in the championship and already discussing how things will be for next year. I have referred to the ‘fat lady’ in the past and she is certainly rehearsing at the moment but she is not ready quite yet for her opening


SBK BLOG

aria. Portimao is the key for me. If we come out of there with JR in a lead of over 100 points he is more than capable of managing the last three rounds to see him over the line.

be commended for holding steadfast and getting the race on. It was the same when the political crisis arose in Qatar last year. There was never a question that the race wouldn’t happen.

The potential to win the championship in Magny Cours then becomes a reality. Unfortunately that would take the shine off the next round in Argentina. It has been on-and-off and back on again over the last few weeks. However, in Misano everyone in the paddock was confident that is was going ahead. Most of the teams had their back room staff booking flights and Dorna have chartered a plane to fly from Buenos Aires to San Jaun, so we will definitely be there. Whether the race will have any real meaning is another thing.

I am also looking forward to the Suzuka 8Hr. I haven’t been for a while and I will be working mainly for Kawasaki. It’s a hard event to work at given the summer heat and humidity in Japan but one that I really enjoy. An interesting little coincidence is that the last time I was there I was working for Castrol Honda with Valentino Rossi and Colin Edwards riding the No11 bike. This year I will be shooting the Rea, Haslam, Watanabe trio on, yes, the No11 bike.

I for one am really pleased and excited to go there. Credit where credit is due and Dorna have pushed hard along with the local government and the promoter to make it happen. When other race series, notably World Touring Cars and the Dakar race have shunned Argentina in fear of the countries current fiscal woes, Dorna should

After that I will have a little break from work before the WorldSBK summer test in Portimao. By then we may know more about bike and rider line-ups for 2019. The light breeze may gather a bit of strength but the AI will be working overtime for sure to stay ahead of the game. To me the future look more than interesting either way.


worldsbk misano



worldsbk misano


Products

fly racing Fine summer temperatures means riding has become an extra drain and a damn sweaty business. For those considering an investment in some ventilate, light and resistant gear set then the Kinectic Mesh from Fly Racing has to be one of the best options on the shelf. The pants have a thin comfort mesh liner and multi-directional stretch rib panels to ensure flexibility. We’re talking 900 denier construction but a particular emphasis on mesh-tech to ensure it doesn’t feel too hot and heavy. The knee heat shield are leather with Kevlar stitching. The shirt uses the same material principals and is a ‘standard’ fit, meaning it’s shaped to not be too tight or too loose. The design is pretty trick also, with the loop on the thigh and torso and chequered flag pattern on the pant inner leg. Expect to pay 115 dollars for the pants and 39 for the shirt. Fly also has other products to allow you to consider the full head-to-toe look.

www.flyracing.com



WESTO NPE IC K

AUTOTRADER/ YOSHIMURASUZUKI


NO GLUE, NO WIRE, NO PROBLEM.

@PROTAPER

PROTAPER.COM


AMA BLOG

rumblings for redbud... Off weekend here in the USA, one of the very few the racers and teams have so with that in mind, let’s take a wheelbarrow and off-load some random thoughts about random things over here yeah? -I’ve been told by a few people I trust that Team USA for the upcoming MXDN has been picked and it’s going to be Eli Tomac of the Monster Kawasaki team riding MXGP, Justin Barcia of the Monster Yamaha team in MX Open and Monster Star Yamaha’s Aaron Plessinger in the MX2 class. I haven’t been able to absolutely confirm this by deadline time but I feel comfortable enough to put this out there. After all, it’s not rocket science right? Plessinger has more than a moto lead in 250MX class here and went 1-1 at Redbud which is where the race will be held in case you just emerged from the rock you’ve been living under. Tomac is of course the fastest rider the USA has right now so of course he’s going and Barcia has rebuilt himself this year and is the only question mark for the red, white and blue.

Team manager Roger DeCoster could’ve waited for Rockstar Husqvarna’s Jason Anderson to come back but that’s a little late for team selection time. Blake Baggett of the RM ATV/MC KTM team would be worthy but hasn’t been as good as Barcia so step right up Justin! It’s a good team and for the first time in a while, USA has riders not turning down invites and will be, barring injury, sending its best team to the Olympics of Motocross for the first time in a number of years. That’s a good place to start for USA to break this winless record they’ve had lately. -Generally by this time of year, the next year’s silly season is in full bloom and riders and agents are plotting where they’ll be riding the next year. But this year it’s rather quiet with all the heavy hitters here (Tomac, Ken Roczen, Marvin Musquin,

Jason Anderson) all under multi-year deals and will be staying put. Honda’s Cole Seely is up but it seems like he’s going to stay red. Zach Osborne is going to move up alongside Anderson, Monster Kawasaki is going to move up Joey Savatgy to replace Josh Grant, JGR Suzuki’s going with Weston Peick and Justin Hill, Red Bull KTM’s got a spot alongside Musquin and it looks more and more like Cooper Webb will move from Yamaha over there while Barcia will re-up with Yamaha and need a teammate, which seems like it will be Dean Wilson. Or perhaps Dean Ferris if my people down under are correct. Baggett’s got a spot open alongside him but I’d think Benny Bloss’s recent rides and low salary demands put him returning there. And in the 250 class it’s going to pretty much the same thing. Hunter Lawrence was at Redbud and getting ready


By Steve Matthes

to join GEICO Honda who will exchange Cameron Macadoo for Lawrence. Mitch Payton’s Pro Circuit squad will most likely re-sign Martin Davalos and come back with the same team, minus Savatgy. TLD KTM will add Mitchell Faulk and lose Alex Martin to JGR Suzuki (who have one, maybe two spots open). Rockstar Husky keeps Mitchell Bailey, adds Thomas Covington and has one spot open and Star Yamaha has its same roster of riders. So all the main factory teams seem to be about set in both classes. The only thing that could change, if one agent I spoke to is correct, is that Barcia is unable to come to terms with Yamaha on the right amount of money and jumps back to Honda. All the previous issues with the bike and management for Barcia are gone and in fact, he gets along with Erik Kehoe, who’s back with Honda now, very well. So that would leave Yamaha with two spots. Maybe Seely jumps there with Wilson and/or Ferris.

Stay tuned for updates, once Webb declares his interest and where he’s going things should be a bit clearer but for now, all the above are my best, educated guesses from what I hear. This leaves riders like Justin Bogle, Malcolm Stewart, Josh Grant all on the outside looking in. -I don’t know, maybe it’s all just a coincidence but the 2019 Monster Energy Supercross schedule that’s traditionally been released by the final race has been pushed back, by my count, two different times now. Not sure what the deal is on that, maybe it’s something as simple as not all the T’s being crossed with the venues but my spidey senses are tingling. The sport of supercross has reached a point where they’re actually getting paid to put it on TV now so that’s a good thing. And word is the TV deal with Fox/Fox Sports 1 is up and the folks at Feld Entertainment are shopping the sport to some different networks.

The fact there’s interest from others is also a good thing. I had heard that NBC/NBC Sports was interested as well as the Fox folks. Maybe the schedule delay is based on Feld wanting to go into markets that the new/old TV people are interested in? Not sure how much that matters, maybe not at all, but the talent for the TV show seems to be in a bit of a holding pattern right now as whomever wins the right to broadcast supercross gets some say in the talent. So one might think the schedule is also being held up a tad? Fox Sports lost Mixed Martial Arts programming to ESPN so they certainly have some budget and time on their network freed up. NBC is shut out of most sports the time the races are happening so it makes sense as well. Either way, the sports come a long way from having to pay to be on TV and being tape delayed so this is a good thing for sure. Now give us the damn schedule!




TEST

triple th Words by Roland Brown, Photos by Triumph/ Grant Evans


he goods


If there’s one bike that has characterised Triumph since the marque’s dramatic rebirth in Hinckley almost three decades ago, it’s surely the Speed Triple. Bold, distinctive and bursting with three-cylinder charm, it inspired a new streetfighter class following its launch in the Nineties, and has since received numerous updates to remain among the firm’s most popular models.

Visually, the Triple is little changed, featuring a flyscreen above its twin headlights, and a stubby rear end with high-level exhaust. But the RS has lightweight titanium Arrow silencers, plus carbon front mudguard and radiator cowls. And both the RS and standard S models incorporate more than 100 new components in their shared 1050cc, 12-valve engine, helping it to rev 1000rpm higher, and increasing maximum power by 10bhp to 148bhp.

But while the Speed Triple has evolved in everything from the shape of its signature twin headlights to its use of high-end chassis components, it hasn’t joined the recent hyper-naked class of stripped-down superbikes with eye-watering power outputs and cutting edge electronics. That’s until this year, and the launch of the Speed Triple RS.

That’s still not quite up to the output of some hyper-nakeds but it’s serious power for a bike with no fairing. Equally importantly, the increase is accompanied by an electronics upgrade that brings the RS, in particular, bang up to date. Both models get cruise control and illuminated switchgear, plus a large and colourful TFT display.


triumph speed triple rs



The RS also features keyless ignition plus an Inertial Measurement Unit – the tiny electronic brain that allows high-level traction control and cornering ABS systems. Chassis layout is basically unchanged, including the tubular aluminium frame and the suspension, which in the RS’s case features Öhlins suspension instead of the S-model’s Showa units. Most braking hardware is also unchanged, with Brembo’s radial Monobloc calipers up front. The RS’s front brake lever is adjustable for span and lever ratio; both models get new five-spoke wheels wearing Pirelli’s Diablo Supercorsa rubber. With the RS’s remote key in my pocket, a long press of the starter button brings to life the TFT display, which offers several choices of view, and an intuitive method of toggling between the riding modes: four for the S and an extra Track setting for the RS. On Midlands roads near Donington Park, the Triple’s addictive blend of easy power, involving character and sweet handling highlight why it has long been so popular. At 189kg dry the Triumph is not outstandingly light, but it flicks into turns with a gentle nudge of its wide bars, and rides bumps nonchalantly thanks to its well-controlled Öhlins units. It also fires out again with the benefit of a superbly direct and accurate throttle response, with either Road or the slightly more direct Sport selected – and with the experience heightened by an intoxicating burble, hardening to a full-blown howl, from the airbox and Arrows cans. The Triple is seriously quick too, those additional ten horses giving it some useful extra straight-line urge, and raising its top speed well above 150mph. Acceleration is boosted both by the engine’s mile-wide power band as well as the slick gearbox and quick-shifter, which has a deliciously smooth action.

triumph speed triple rs


“Super-naked, hyper-naked; call this latest Speed Triple what you like. The RS is right up there scrapping with the world’s top unfaired streetbikes...”


triumph speed triple rs


On a rain-hit ride I’m glad of the Triple’s traction control, which automatically adjusts to suit the selected engine mode. The slippery roads also highlight the benefit of the powerful brake system’s cornering ABS system which, in theory, would let me grab a handful of front Brembo even in the middle of a wet bend. I decline to test that, but can confirm that the RS is respectably practical. It’s socalled comfort seat works as advertised; the 15.5-litre fuel capacity gives a typical range of over 130 miles; the new back-lit switchgear and TFT screen add to the air of quality. The lengthy accessory list includes heated grips as well as the shifter, which should arguably be standard fitment. If those features make the Speed Triple RS a better road bike than its predecessors, a thrash around a wet Donington confirms that it’s also very handy on track.

The extra top-end power combines with sweet fuelling to make it fast, the chassis backs it up superbly, and the advanced ABS and traction control help keep it upright on the notoriously slippery-when-wet circuit. Inevitably, this additional pace and refinement comes at a cost. The RS is roughly 15 per cent more expensive than the standard Speed Triple S (at £13,250 in the UK), and only slightly cheaper than classy rivals including Aprilia’s Tuono V4 1100 and KTM’s 1290 Super Duke R. But that’s fair enough, given its comparable specification. Super-naked, hyper-naked; call this latest Speed Triple what you like. The RS is right up there scrapping with the world’s top unfaired streetbikes, and looks set to remain among Triumph’s most popular models for a good few more years yet.


triumph speed triple rs


back page Monster Energy Girls By CormacGP



on track off road

‘On-track Off-road’ is a free, bi-weekly publication for the screen focussed on bringing the latest perspectives on events, blogs and some of the very finest photography from the three worlds of the FIM Motocross World Championship, the AMA Motocross and Supercross series’ and MotoGP. ‘On-track Off-road’ will be published online at www.ontrackoffroad.com every other Tuesday. To receive an email notification that a new issue available with a brief description of each edition’s contents simply enter an address in the box provided on the homepage. All email addresses will be kept strictly confidential and only used for purposes connected with OTOR. Adam Wheeler Editor and MXGP/MotoGP correspondent Ray Archer Photographer Steve Matthes AMA MX and SX correspondent Cormac Ryan-Meenan MotoGP Photographer www.cormacgp.com David Emmett MotoGP Blogger Neil Morrison MotoGP Blogger & Feature writer Sienna Wedes MotoGP Blogger Graeme Brown WSB Blogger and Photographer Roland Brown Tester Núria Garcia Cover Design Gabi Álvarez Web developer Hosting FireThumb7 - www.firethumb7.co.uk Thanks to www.mototribu.com PHOTO CREDITS Ray Archer, CormacGP, GeeBee Images, KTM/Romero/Campelli, Triumph. Cover shot: Marc Marquez by CormacGP

This publication took a lot of time and effort to put together so please respect it! Nothing in this publication can be reproduced in whole or part without the written permission of the editorial team. For more information please visit www.ontrackoffroad.com and click ‘Contact us’.


Источник: https://issuu.com/otormag/docs/otor_177